Psychotherapy is a type of therapy used to treat emotional problems and mental health conditions.It involves talking to a trained therapist, either one-to-one, in a group or with your wife, husband or partner. It allows you to look deeper into your problems and worries, and deal with troublesome habits and a wide range of mental disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia.Psychotherapy usually involves talking, but sometimes other methods may be used – for example, art, music, drama and movement.Psychotherapy can help you discuss feelings you have about yourself and other people, particularly family and those close to you. In some cases, couples or families are offered joint therapy sessions together.You will meet your therapist regularly, usually once a week, for several months, or sometimes even years. Individual sessions last about 50 minutes, but group sessions are often a bit longer.
CBT is a important sub-field of Psychotherapy.
There are several different types of psychotherapy, including:
The type of therapy that's most suitable for you will depend on the problem you have.
The length of a therapy varies depending on what type it is and on your individual needs. Some people have just a few sessions. Other people see a therapist a few times a week for several years.A course of some therapy, for instance, is usually between six and 24 sessions, with each session following a structured agenda.In contrast, a client receiving counselling is encouraged to talk freely and the course of therapy may be extended depending on the client's progress.A session of one-to-one therapy usually lasts 50 minutes to an hour.Talking therapies are not therapies that are 'done' to you by someone else. You play an active part in the therapy. That can be empowering at a time when you may feel you have lost control over part of your life.If you are determined to get the most from the therapy, it is more likely to work.Talking therapies require you to be completely honest with yourself and that can be difficult. It may mean facing up to your fears, recalling distressing memories or talking about intimate topics and private thoughts and feelings.There may be tasks to do between sessions, such as trying out new ways of behaving or keeping a diary. It may be a while until you feel the results, but you get out what you put in.